How an electric car battery is made | Eastern North Carolina Now

The key components are the anode, cathode, separator, electrolyte, and lithium ions. Materials used are carbon, nickel, lithium, manganese, and cobalt, among others. The highest need is for lithium because most of the battery is made of it.

How Much Raw Material Does It Take To Make An Electric Car Battery?
It all depends on the battery and the car model, but we will take average numbers so that you can get a glimpse at the figures in question:

25 pounds of lithium
60 pounds of nickel
44 pounds of manganese
30 pounds of cobalt
200 pounds of copper
400 pounds of steel, plastic, and aluminum.

Where Do Electric Car Batteries Come From?
Most of the electric vehicle batteries come from factories in China. Also, batteries are made in the USA, Poland, Hungary, Japan, Canada, and South Korea.

Materials are gathered from all over the world. Lithium is mostly mined in South America, specifically Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia; cobalt is mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo, while nickel is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Brazil.

How Rare Metals Are Mined
The process of mining the rare metals varies depending on the mine, however our ‘Electric Cars Aren’t Green?’ sums up how some of the mines operate:

At a mine in Jiangxi, China, workers use ammonium sulfate poured into big holes to dissolve the clay.

What’s left is hauled out of the ever-expanding hole, before being run through multiple acid baths to dissolve other unwanted compounds.
The resulting compounds are baked in a kiln, finally revealing the rare metals required in electric car batteries.
Just 0.2% of the result is the rare metals; the other 99.8% is waste.
This 99.8% waste earth (and other compounds) – which is now contaminated with toxic material – is dumped back into the originally-created holes.
Many of these rare earth mining processes also unleashes plumes of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere, and can harm aquatic life in nearby rivers and streams too. Finally, 50-60% of cobalt comes from the Congo, which unfortunately has a poor human rights record with 40,000 children working in cobalt mines for $1-2 per day.


Go Back

Leave a Guest Comment

Your Name or Alias
Your Email Address ( your email address will not be published)
Enter Your Comment ( no code or urls allowed, text only please )


( April 12th, 2024 @ 10:30 am )
The other thing about big lithium batteries is that they spontaneously combust, burn very hot, are hard to extinguish, and give off toxic fumes. Not only do electric cars spontaneously combust, but so do electric buses (London and Paris have already had several go up in flames) and utility scale electric storage batteries (Wouth Korea, Belgium, Australia, and California have already had that happen). Owners of electric cars have had them carch fire while driving down the road or parked in their garage. In two cases aleady, ships carrying electric cars as part of their cargo have had the brand new cars combust at sea, burning up the ship. These things are dangerous and should be banned.

What's all the flap about reauthorizing FISA? Rant & Rave, Editorials, Beaufort Observer, Op-Ed & Politics Wall Street Journal poll: black support for President Trump surging


Latest Op-Ed & Politics

President Joe Biden’s Small Business Administration (SBA) was subpoenaed by the House Committee on Small Business on Tuesday over alleged efforts to “register Democrat voters” in Michigan, a vital battleground state in the 2024 election.
more Biden regime overreach as he continues to act like a dictator
On Monday, May 6, 2024, at the Beaufort County Commissioners' general meeting, Commissioner Stan Deatherage sponsored the Constitutional right of a Beaufort County citizen "to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN), a member of the leftist “Squad,” is again facing the prospect of being censured, this time for suggesting that some Jewish students support genocide.


North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (NCDHHS) began sending out letters last week to up to 300,000 people who are enrolled in Medicaid’s limited Family Planning program and now qualify for full NC Medicaid benefits
Witnesses claim to have seen New York City Mayor Eric Adams quietly blacking out the words of the Statue of Liberty's famous inscription with a permanent marker.
It is happening already, even as illegal radical rewrite challenged in court
RINO establishment candidate slips in for State Auditor
The ‘Ragin’ Cajun’ lived up to his old nickname in a recent video, scolding and berating younger Americans and telling them all the horrible things he believed would happen if former President Donald Trump won another term in the White House.
As previously sealed documents related to Jeffrey Epstein continued to be released, liberals praised the late disgraced billionaire for not discriminating against disabled persons like Stephen Hawking.
As a constitutional republic, we can elect our representatives . . . but do they "represent" us ? ? ?
illegal alien "asylum seeker" migrants are a crime wave on both sides of the Atlantic


Back to Top